Tuesday, 24 January 2017

Indian Flag History & Unknown Facts about Indian National Flag

India Flag HistoryThe Republic Day is also celebrated for the purpose of the enactment of the Constitution of India because the year 1930 was the declaration of the Indian Independence which is known as Purna Swaraj as declared by the Indian National Congress.

The Indian Flag reminds us of the sacrifices made by our freedom-fighters to earn us freedom. We should up-hold its glory and honour by all means within our power. If necessary, we should defend the honor of the flag with the last drop of our blood. It is our duty and responsibility to honor the flag as it constantly reminds us of our hard earned freedom.


A flag becomes the symbol of the country so any independent country needs a flag to represent a unique symbol of the particular nation. The National Flag of India was first adopted in its present form on 22nd of July in 1947 in the meeting of Constituent Assembly, few days before the independence of the country from British rule on 15th of August in 1947. It was designed by the Pingali Venkayya using tri colours, Ashok Chakra and Khadi cloth.

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The National flag of India is designed in horizontal shape in which all the tri-colours are used in equal proportions. The ratio of flag width to its length is 2:3. The middle white band contains a navy blue wheel representing Ashok chakra with 24 spokes.

Before the final adoption of the national flag, it goes through various amazing changes since its first inception. It was started discovering and searching for the unique national flag to recognise the country during the national struggle for freedom from the British rule.


A flag known as 'Swaraj flag' was widely used in the final stages of Indian independence movement. It became the official flag of Congress at the 1931 meeting. To select a flag for independent India, on 23 June 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up an ad hoc committee headed by Rajendra Prasad. On 14 July 1947, the committee recommended that the flag of the Indian National Congress be adopted as the National Flag of India with suitable modifications.

The spinning wheel of the Congress flag was replaced by the Chakra (wheel) from the Lion Capital of Ashoka. The National flag of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947, when it became the official flag of the Dominion of India. The flag was subsequently retained as that of the Republic of India.

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